The Mining Investor’s Secret Weapon, National Instrument 43-101

The National Instrument 43-101 (known by industry insiders as NI 43-101) is a protocol for Canadian mineral resource classification that applies to all domestic and foreign mining corporations that are listed on the mineral exchanges of Canada, the largest in the world being the Toronto Stock Exchange.

The Canadian Securities Administration (CSA) polices the filings of NI 43-101 to make sure that they all adhere to the strict guidelines set forth by the mineral resource industry.

During the 1990s the infamous company Bre-X Minerals Ltd. committed fraud by massively inflating their mineral resource estimates by salting ore samples with gold dust. What Bre-X essentially did was contaminate their samples by introducing gold from outside sources. As a result of this international scandal, the industry stepped in to protect investors from future shady mineral stock promoter tactics.

There is an old mining joke that a mine is nothing but a hole in the ground that is owned by a liar. So to fix the tarnished reputation of the industry, new guidelines were implemented that mandate a “qualified person” QP (a geological engineer) with a minimum of five (5) years of experience in the mineral resource industry, specifically mineral exploration must sign off on the final report-essentially staking their credibility for any errors, falsifications, and/or omissions.

This gave birth to the mining industry’s gold standard in reporting, the NI 43-101.

Major investment brokerages, mutual funds, banks and other financial institutions across the globe swear by the NI 43-101, refusing to invest in any mining company without first reviewing these documents. This document is largely unknown to the average amateur investor, and that is why this article aims to enlighten the reader about the NI 43-101. The mining report contains a lot of technical geological terms, but in a nutshell there are essentially three distinct classifications for mineral resources:

Inferred Resource

A mineral resource where the grade, quantity, and quality are estimated from a limited sampling of the geological region in which the sample was extracted. A potential investor has to understand that this is no guarantee that the resource even exists!

Indicated Resource

A mineral resource where the grade, quantity, and quality can be predicted with more confidence than an inferred resource, allowing for enough parameters to be put in place to begin preliminary mine planning.

Measured Resource

A mineral resource where the grade, quantity, and quality are very well established and accounted for.

In addition to the above mentioned resources, we have two types of “reserves”, and these are the “Probable Mineral Reserve” which is the economically mineable component of an indicated resource, as can be outlined by a preliminary feasibility study. The second type is the “Proven Mineral Reserve”, and this is where the economically mineable component of the measured mineral resource is identifiable by a preliminary feasibility study.

The actual NI 43-101 itself is made up of many components and can be downloaded from a Canadian online database called SEDAR. A thorough explanation about how to read an NI 43-101 report is beyond the scope of this article.

Ashbee A. Bakht is an international best selling author who holds a degree in psychology from Brock University, Canada and he attained his postgraduate education in minerals and mining at the prestigious Norman B. Keevil Institute of Mining Engineering, at the University of British Columbia, Canada.

As a professional commodities trader and arbitrage specialist, Ashbee’s strength can be found in taking positions based on economic forecasts of trends and seeking out arbitrage opportunities. Ashbee specializes in trading crude oil, gold, silver, and other base metals.

Investing Like a Pro – Tips For Beginners

As many of us perceived, there is a potential tendency for the majority of the community people to squander money on the things that they do not need at all. Shall we say, while the items may be of use in some way, that extra money they utilized could have been put to better use though good investing. Investment for Beginners is not about spending thousands of dollars. Take note that as little as $30 can also do the trick. The point here is that the little help you need and the sooner you start, the better.

Any investment you will consider is a risk. That’s true! This consideration is regardless of the amount of cash being used. For solely this reason, it is recommended for a first-time investor or any investor at all, to have an emergency reserve fund that acts as a cushion or safety net. Probably a three to six-month income in your bank account, whether it is a CDs (Certificates of Deposit), money market account or a savings account. This consideration will handle the unexpected financial crises that might arise during the investment period. It is always appreciated to be always ready.

Subsequent to that, you will have to create an effective investment strategy. Set objectives that are attainable after a specified time period. Be it for a short-term plan for building or buying a house or long-term plan for retirement.

After sorting your goals in place, carefully think about how to invest your money. You can get good ideas from Internet forums talking about investment. Carefully research on the best steps to be taken. There are three common ways to do this: bonds, stocks, and mutual funds.

On the other hand, mutual funds are great for beginners. Resources are pulled together in this scenario by many investors to buy stocks and other securities. Bonds are the safest securities but nevertheless have low-interest rates. It is loaning money at fixed interest rates. Purchasing stock, on the other hand, is buying the ownership of a company and you are entitled to the company’s profit partially. In short, buy low, sell high!

On the final note, either consult an individual or a brokerage firm to help you buy and sell securities. Research before hiring, avoid unscrupulous traders! Remember that investment for beginners will sometimes be the hardest part in terms of decision-making. Are you one of the beginners in terms of investing

Investment Resources: An Easy Way to Earn and Become Successful

Generally speaking, based on its basic definition as the way people comprehend the word, investment is the process of putting money into a business or an organization to earn money in return. It is one of the most popular methods of increasing your finances in a very easy way. In fact, as many people projects it, investing is always better than saving or depositing your money in the bank as investing can acquire less tax and higher revenue.

The process of investment starts with the different investment resources, especially for people. The money collected is processed to work or move on a specific business to earn. The investments may give a certain position or share in the company where the returns or the revenues are given back to the investors depending on some their investments. That means that if you invested a higher amount, then the returns are higher than others.

What is good in investing is that you don’t have to work to earn. All you have to do is to invest, and wait for the earnings to come. Good examples of investment methods or practices are a stock market and cooperatives.

There are several factors you need to consider when investing. These factors are important to ensure best results on your investment. Check the following factors below.

Company Background

The first important factor is to check the company background where you want to invest your money. The company should have a strong foundation and stable income with a forecast to exist in the next 20 years.

Investment Resources

You have to make sure and be certain that you have the right and accurate investment resources to invest. Do not put all your money on the investment. This consideration will give you security if there are problems that will arise.

Always Observe

The last factor is to be observant. Earnings may be easy with no efforts, but you have to observe the amount that you earn, and the rate of its earning. This consideration will help you decide if you have to continue the investment or back it out immediately.


Investing may be an easy way to be successful, isn’t it. But before putting your resources, you have to be knowledgeable about what are the pros and cons of investments. If you fail to do so might lead to a waste of money, time, and effort. The question is, are you ready to make investments now?